In 2006 in Italy it was introduced the obligation for petrol and diesel suppliers to distribute biofuels, with the aim of developing the supply chain and reducing atmospheric emissions from the transport sector. Based on the EU Directives, by 2020 biofuels will have to constitute 10% of the traditional petrol and diesel quotas. Monitoring and verification of these obligations is carried out by the GSE, on behalf of the Ministry of Economic Development, thanks to the BIOCAR platform.
The obligation to distribute a share of sustainable biofuels is requested for all suppliers for whom the conditions for paying duty on petrol and diesel for transport are met. The minimum annual quantity of biofuels is calculated, starting from 2015, based on the energy content expressed in Gigacalorie (Gcal) of fossil fuels distributed in the same year.
In order to monitor and verify the fulfillment of the obligation, the Certificates of Release for Consumption (CIC) have been established and are issued by the GSE to the subjects who place sustainable biofuels in the national distribution system, as well as to the producers of Biomethane.
Each individual CIC certifies the release for consumption of a quantity of biofuels equal to 10 Gcal and, in the case of distribution of advanced biofuels, the single certificate certifies the release for consumption of a quantity of biofuels equal to 5 Gcal.
To fall within the parameters imposed by law, the obliged subjects can also purchase the Certificates of Release for Consumption from all those operators who have them available. For this purpose, the GSE provides the BIOCAR platform, through which market players can register the exchanges of certificates.